To really understand how a place works, first you have to speak the language.


When a Member of Congress is compelled to vote a certain way, even though it will hurt them politically, that is called “taking a hard vote.“ These votes often create material for negative campaign ads, and occasionally one party will offer an amendment just to force the other party to take the hard vote. It‘s different from a poison pill in that the substance isn‘t necessarily objectionable on a policy level, but is politically dangerous.

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